For students studying abroad, it can be one of the most rewarding experiences of your life. No doubt you gain independence while navigating uncharted waters, making new friends, learning a new language (possibly) and broadening your cultural perspective. However, in the beginning, like most things that come with change, studying abroad can be an overwhelming and lonely experience as you try to adapt to another way of life. Facing an adjustment period referred to as a "culture shock" can be unsettling. Everything is unfamiliar; the weather, landscape, language, food, fashion, beliefs, values and customs. Therefore, it’s important to be aware and informed of the resources and tools that you can use to help familiarize yourself with your new surrounding and minimize your adjustment period.Your level of "shock" will depend on factors, such the length of time you’ll be away from your home country, flexibility and your tolerance for other cultural practices. It is important to note that “culture shock” is very normal and it shows that you have an eye for observation and differences among society.When experiencing culture shock, everyone goes through three similar stages, however; some of us are able to go through the process quicker and adapt more readily, while others find it very difficult to adjust - some people even leave their host country to return back home.
Initial euphoria: During this stage, you’ll feel excited about your new life in a different country – you’ll notice all of the similarities (same fast food chains etc.) and you might not think your host country is very different from your home country. This stage can last anywhere from a week to a month or more, but at some point in time, you’ll start to recognize the cultural differences and you might begin to feel homesick or feel let down.Irritation/hostility: During this stage, you will begin focus more and more on the differences between your home country and your new surroundings. Small differences might get blown out of proportion and this is the stage most commonly recognized as "culture shock." Things will start to feel new to you, and you might have a sense of feeling “out of place”.Gradual adjustment: During this stage, you will slowly begin to feel a sense of ease, slowly adjusting to your surroundings and becoming more comfortable in your new culture. At this stage, you’ll be able to recognize and interpret cultural clues and feel less isolated.Adaptation/biculturalism: Eventually you will begin to feel at home in your new country and will recognize that there will be things you miss about your new way of life when you return home, and possibly someday, you may even fully adapt to your host country and feel that you’re able to function in both cultures equally.
Culture shock symptoms can range from minor to severe. Most individuals suffering from culture shock commonly experience tiredness, irritability and depression. It should be noted that it is very normal to feel tired when adjusting to your new surroundings, especially if you are speaking a new language. However, if you find yourself so overwhelmed that it’s hard to do simple tasks, such as picking up a glass of water then more is going on than simply being tired.Crying for no apparent reason; feeling sad and not being able to pinpoint why can be symptom of culture shock. This can be attributed to homesickness. Homesickness is perfectly reasonable and understandable. Make sure to give yourself time and patience to adjust, meet new people, make new friends - try surrounding yourself with others who are in a similar situation as yourself and who can provide some support.Try to make sure to keep yourself active as boredom can be a sign that all is not well, and it can actually lead to more severe culture shock symptoms down the road. More severe symptoms (especially when carried to the extreme) are more problematic: inability to eat, overeating, over-drinking, obsession with cleanliness, lack of cleanliness, hostility toward host nationals and physical ailments will not bode well for your stay.
It helps to remember that culture shock doesn't come from one specific event. It is caused by being immersed in a new way of life than you’re used to, and observing different ways of doing things. Not understanding or being aware of cultural cues and being expected to function without adequate knowledge of said rules.Below are some strategies for coping with culture shock:
While culture shock is normal, many students who come in with an open mind and do their research before leaving their home country are better able to cope with the symptoms of culture shock. While those who are not open, or do not take the time to mentally prepare themselves for the journey they are about to embark on, have a much harder time succeeding away from home. Tolerance and openness are essential to succeeding while studying abroad – many will have a successful time and will reap all the rewards if they remember these key factors of culture shock.Thinking of traveling to Canada to study? ABM has recently implemented an International Student Program!